Michigan Proposal 1, Marijuana Legalization Initiative (2018) - Ballotpedia


What changes would the ballot initiative make to laws governing marijuana in Michigan?

Proposal 1 was designed to allow adults aged 21 years or older to possess and use marijuana for recreational purposes. Individuals would be permitted to grow up to 12 marijuana plants in their residences. The measure would create an excise sales tax of 10 percent, which would be levied on marijuana sales at retailers and microbusinesses The ballot initiative would define a marijuana microbusiness as a business that is licensed to cultivate not more than 150 plants, process and package marijuana, and sell marijuana. Microbusiness are intended to be similar to microbreweries, where most of the process from cultivation to processing to sales occur within the same firm. Businesses that grow more than 150 plants would not have the option of vertical integration.. Revenue from the tax would be allocated to local governments, K-12 education, and road and bridge maintenance. Proposal 1 would also legalize the cultivation, processing, distribution, and sale of industrial hemp. Municipalities would be allowed to ban or limit marijuana establishments within their boundaries.

granting or denying applications for licenses; collecting fees for licenses and fines for violations; determining license fee amounts (but not in an amount more than necessary to pay for the initiative's administration and enforcement) and license qualifications; determining standards for safe cultivation, processing, and distribution of marijuana; deciding testing, packaging, and labeling standards, including a maximum tetrahydrocannabinol level for marijuana-infused products; determining security and record-keeping requirements for establishments; providing requirements for marijuana-secure transporters; developing reasonable restrictions on advertising and marketing of marijuana; promoting participation in the marijuana sector by people from communities that had been impacted by marijuana prohibition and to positively impact those communities; regulating the cultivation, processing, distribution, and sale of industrial hemp; holding public meetings each year to hear public complaints and viewpoints; and submitting reports to the governor regarding the number of licenses issued, demographic information, and statements on violations, revenues, and expenses. limit the number of licenses that can be granted; require customers to provide retailers with identifying information other than age or with personal information other than that needed to make a transaction; prohibit marijuana establishments from operating at a shared location of a medical marijuana facility; prohibit marijuana growers, marijuana processors, or marijuana retailers from operating within a single facility; and be deemed unreasonably impracticable. Marijuana retailer: a person licensed to obtain marijuana from marijuana establishments and sell marijuana. Marijuana safety compliance facility: a person licensed to test marijuana and certify marijuana for potency and the presence of contaminants. Marijuana secure transporter: a person licensed to obtain marijuana from marijuana establishments in order to transport it to other marijuana establishments. Marijuana processor: a person licensed to obtain marijuana from marijuana establishments, process and package the marijuana, and sell it to marijuana establishments. Marijuana microbusiness: a person licensed to cultivate not more than 150 plants, process and package marijuana, and sell marijuana. Class A marijuana grower: a person licensed to cultivate no more than 100 marijuana plants and sell the marijuana to marijuana establishments. Class B marijuana grower: a person licensed to cultivate no more than 500 marijuana plants and sell the marijuana to marijuana establishments. Class C marijuana grower: a person licensed to cultivate no more than 2,000 marijuana plants and sell the marijuana to marijuana establishments. “ Proposal 18-1. A proposed initiated law to authorize and legalize possession, use and cultivation of marijuana products by individuals who are at least 21 years of age and older, and commercial sales of marijuana through state-licensed retailers. ” “ Allow individuals 21 and older to purchase, possess and use marijuana and marijuana-infused edibles, and grow up to 12 marijuana plants for personal consumption. Impose a 10-ounce limit for marijuana kept at residences and require amounts over 2.5 ounces be secured in locked containers. Create a state licensing system for marijuana businesses and allow municipalities to ban or restrict them. Permit retail sales of marijuana and edibles subject to a 10% tax, dedicated to implementation costs, clinical trials, schools, roads, and municipalities where marijuana businesses are located. Change several current violations from crimes to civil infractions. “ Just like with alcohol, marijuana prohibition has been a huge failure. Instead of wasting law enforcement resources on a substance that is proven to be less harmful than either alcohol or tobacco, our initiative creates a tightly regulated system that will generate significant revenue for the state that will help fund our roads, public schools, and local governments – three of Michigan’s most under-funded needs. ” Committee to Keep Pot Out of Neighborhoods and Schools “ We are on the verge of creating a regulated system for the production of medical marijuana which will provide regulation, taxation and rigorous testing so that patients and doctors will know the products are safe. The ballot proposal puts the public at risk and will be vigorously opposed. ” “ ” Opposition: $286,061.56 Committees in support of the Marijuana Legalization Initiative Supporting committees Detroit Free Press: "Most of you don't smoke marijuana, for medical or recreational use. So you may be wondering, as you hear that Michiganders can vote to make recreational marijuana legal in the Nov. 6 election: Why should I vote yes? Here's the short answer: Michiganders should vote YES this fall on Proposal 1 because: [1] Prohibiting it outright does not work (about 15% of Michiganders used marijuana in 2015, according to federal data); [2] Enforcing laws against weed consumes significant law enforcement resources; [3] The impact of that enforcement effort falls disproportionately on African Americans, who use marijuana at the same rates as whites, but are four to 10 times more likely to be arrested for it; and [4] Legalizing marijuana and regulating its possession and use can provide needed tax revenue." +/-3.88 640 Between September 13 and 16, 2018, JMC Analytics surveyed 600 likely voters on Proposal 1. Support for the ballot initiative was 43 percent. Opposition to the ballot initiative was 40 percent. The respondents were divided along age groups, with support at 59 percent for 18-34 years of age and 33 percent for 65 years and older. The Detroit News and WDIV-TV surveyed 600 likely voters between September 5 and September 7, 2018, on Proposal 1. The media outlets found support for Proposal 1 at 56 percent in their sample of voters. Jonathan Oosting of The Detroit News said age was the most predictive variable of whether a respondent supported or opposed Proposal 1. He said, "Just 37 percent of voters over the age of 65 said they support legalization compared with 79 percent for 18-29 year olds and about 72 percent for 30-39 year olds." Healthy & Productive Michigan, an opponent of Proposal 1, hired Victory Phones to ask voters about the initiative in early May 2018. The firm surveyed 800 residents, finding support at 48 percent, opposition at 42 percent, and 11 percent undecided. Scott Greenlee, president of Healthy & Productive Michigan, said, "Previous polls showing majority support didn’t pass the smell test. When polling, it is always important to review how the questions are asked and what size of audience responds." Michigan NORML, a supporter of Proposal 1, hired polling firm EPIC-MRA to ask voters about the measure in late February 2018. EPIC-MRA surveyed 600 residents, finding support at 61 percent, opposition at 35 percent, and 4 percent undecided or who refused to answer the question. The strongest level of support for the measure, at 87 percent, came from residents between ages 18-34. The strongest level of opposition to the measure, at 58 percent, came from residents who described themselves as strong GOP Tea Party supporters. Of those surveyed, a majority of Democrats (74 percent) and independents (72 percent) supported the initiative, while the percentage of Republicans who supported and who opposed the measure was tied at 48 percent. Positions of Michigan 2018 gubernatorial candidates in the general election on November 6, 2018 Tatar: "I support the ballot initiative." "I would like to see marijuana decriminalized, not necessarily legalized." Political factors and marijuana legalization, 2012-2018 State Signatures: 252,523 valid signatures were required. Deadline: The deadline to submit signatures was May 30, 2018.