Missouri Amendment 3, Medical Marijuana and Biomedical Research and Drug Development Institute Initiative (2018) - Ballotpedia


In November 2018, voters will see three medical marijuana initiatives on their ballots—Amendment 2, Amendment 3, and Proposition C. Voters can take a position on each of the ballot measures and are permitted to vote "yes" on more than one of the ballot measures.

If two conflicting constitutional amendments, such as Amendment 2 and Amendment 3, are approved, the one receiving the most affirmative votes prevails.[2] State law does provide a protocol for when voters approve statutes, such as Proposition C, and amendments, such as Amendment 2 and Amendment 3, that are in conflict. Speaking to a similar issue regarding tobacco tax initiatives in 2016, the attorney general's office said the issue would need to be decided in court.[3]

To learn more about how these three ballot initiatives compare, see the following subsections of the page:

Statements: Campaigns answer the question, "Why is your ballot measure the best option for medical marijuana legalization?" Comparison: Comparison of the ballot initiatives' provisions.

What would Amendment 3 change about marijuana policies in Missouri?

As of 2018, Missouri has not legalized the use or possession or medical marijuana. Amendment 3 would legalize marijuana for medical purposes. The ballot initiative would tax marijuana sales at 15 percent. Revenue from the sales tax would be used to establish and fund a Biomedical Research and Drug Development Institute, which would be tasked with researching cures for cancer and other diseases and overseeing the state's medical marijuana program. Amendment 3 would also enact cultivation taxes on marijuana flowers ($9.25 per ounce) and on marijuana leaves ($2.75 per ounce). The ballot initiative would allow state-licensed physicians to recommend marijuana use to patients with 10 qualifying conditions. The research institute would be empowered to add additional conditions to the list of qualifying conditions. Patients would be allowed to purchase not less than 3 ounces of dried marijuana or equivalent in 30-day period (more permitted with written certification from two independent physicians). The ballot initiative would authorize not less than two dispensaries per 20,000 residents in counties and cities.

50 percent for the institute’s administration and research on diseases; 25 percent as income-tax refunds for citizens who paid income taxes the previous year; 6.25 percent for repairing state roads and bridges; 6.25 percent for funding public pre-school and K-12 education and provide grants to in-state students of state universities; 6.25 percent for funding medical care for state residents; and 6.25 percent for the public employee retirement trust fund. Looking for more information about marijuana on the ballot in 2018? Explore other Ballotpedia articles on the subject below. “ ” “ ” “ ” Issue not less than 24 in each congressional district, based on 2018 boundaries not less than 2 per 20,000 residents in counties and cities not less than 1 per 100,000 state residents (plus extras based on demographics and demand to ensure access) “ Shall the Missouri Constitution be amended to: allow the use of marijuana for medical purposes, and create regulations and licensing procedures for marijuana and marijuana facilities; impose a 15 percent tax on the retail sale of marijuana, and a tax on the wholesale sale of marijuana flowers and leaves per dry-weight ounce to licensed facilities; and use funds from these taxes to establish and fund a state research institute to conduct research with the purpose of developing cures and treatments for cancer and other incurable diseases or medical conditions? ” Brad Bradshaw, a physician who wrote Amendment 3, said, "Imagine going back to when alcohol was legalized, and these people are making a fortune. Putting a tax on this to find a cure for cancer — and we can find a cure for cancer — I think that is not unreasonable." Signatures: The smallest possible requirement was 160,199 valid signatures. The actual requirement depends on the congressional districts in which signatures were collected. Deadline: The deadline to submit signatures was May 6, 2018.