What are Cannabinoids?


Cannabinoids are a diverse class of chemical compounds that occur naturally in the human body (endocannabinoids) and cannabis plants (phytocannabinoids), and interactions with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) trigger various physiological actions. Among the 500 or so natural components in cannabis, more than 100 are classified as phytocannabinoids. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the best-known compound due to its psychoactive qualities, while cannabidiol (CBD) appears to play the most significant role in the plant’s medicinal benefits. Other key phytocannabinoids include the following:

Cannabigerols (CBG) Cannabinol (CBN) Cannabinodiol (CBL)

CBD, which does not produce psychoactive effects, is often isolated for medical use, but some clinical studies suggest that cannabinoids are mutually enhancing and provide the best results in whole-plant form. CBN, another cannabinoid gaining interest with medical researchers, is a natural sedative that appears to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-convulsive properties. Endocannabinoids, meanwhile, include anandamide and 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and they play roles in metabolism, food intake, memory, sensory perception, central nervous system development and synaptic plasticity.

CBN is primarily utilized as a sleep aid for individuals suffering from insomnia A 5mg dose of CBN may provide the same sedative effects as 10 mg of diazepam (Valium) The cannabinoid appears to influence functionality in the immune system Studies suggest that CBN might promote bone growth and help treat osteoporosis CBN may also have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-convulsive benefits Cannabigerolic acid (GBG) is a chemical component in cannabis The plant produces enzymes that convert CBG One such cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid (THC (usually through heat) converts it into THC THCA also converts to CBN when it loses hydrogen molecules and oxidizes The latter process (THC) occurs through prolonged exposure to air Like THC